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    Infallibility

    The characteristic of being completely trustworthy, incapable of erring or failing to accomplish an intended purpose. Protestants normally apply this characteristic…

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    Counterfactuals

    Conditional propositions (usually expressed in the form “if p, then q”) in which the antecedent (p) is false. Examples include such propositions as…

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    Scientism

    Scientism: The conviction that scientific knowledge, particularly that derived from the natural sciences, is the highest or even only form of knowledge. Scientism thus [...]

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    Pelagianism

    Pelagianism: The view that the human will has not been totally ruined by original sin and that it is therefore possible for humans to [...]

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    Inspiration

    Inspiration: The characteristic of being filled and led by the Spirit of God. Thus the Old Testament prophets are regarded as having spoken by [...]

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    Open Theism

    Open Theism: Theological view claiming that some of the traditional attributes ascribed to God by classical theism should be either rejected or reinterpreted. Advocates [...]

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    Omniscience

    Omniscience: The quality of being all-knowing. This is one of the traditional attributes of God. Omniscience is usually analyzed as knowing the truth value [...]

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    Deism

    Deism: The belief that God created the world but is not sustaining it providentially. In other words, though God exists, he has no interaction [...]

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    Fideism

    Fideism: The view that faith takes precedence over reason. The word is often used as a term of abuse to designate a view considered [...]

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    Omnipotence

    Omnipotence: The quality of being all-powerful, normally understood as the power to perform any action that is logically possible and consistent with God’s essential [...]

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    Hedonism

    Hedonism: The ethical theory that identifies the good with happiness and understands happiness as the presence of pleasure and the absence of pain. Critics [...]

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    Nihilism

    Nihilism: The rejection of objective moral values and structures, literally “nothingism.” The nihilist is a skeptic about moral traditions and obligations and does not [...]

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    Pantheism

    Pantheism: The belief that God and the world are identical. The most famous Western defender of pantheism is Baruch Spinoza, who claimed that God [...]

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    Theodicy

    Theodicy: An answer to the problem of evil that attempts to “justify the ways of God to man” by explaining God’s reasons for allowing [...]

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    Empiricism

    Empiricism: Type of epistemological theory that, in contrast with epistemological rationalism, gives primacy to sense experience in the acquisition of knowledge. There are many [...]

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    Epistemology

    Epistemology: The branch of philosophy concerned with questions about knowledge and belief and related issues such as justification and truth. Some conceive of epistemology [...]

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    Worldview

    Worldview: Comprehensive set of basic or ultimate beliefs that fit together in a consistent or coherent manner. A full worldview would include answers to [...]

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    Apologetics

    Apologetics: The rational defense of the Christian faith. Historically, apologetic arguments of various types have been given: philosophical arguments for the existence of God; [...]